Federal State Controlled Substances + Alcohol Penalties

FEDERAL PENALTIES AND SANCTIONS FOR ILLEGAL POSSESSION OF A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE 21 U.S.C. 844(A)

First Conviction
Up to 1 year imprisonment and fined at least $1,000 but not more than $100,000, or both.

After 1 Prior Drug Conviction
At least 15 days in prison, not to exceed 2 years and fined at least $2,500 but not more than $250,000, or both.

After 2 or More Prior Drug Convictions
At least 90 days in prison, not to exceed 3 years and fined at least $5,000 but not more than $250,000, or both.

Special Sentencing Provisions For Possession of Crack Cocaine
Mandatory at least 5 years in prison, not to exceed 20 years and fined up to $250,000, or both, if:

  1. 1st conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 5 grams.
  2. 2nd crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 3 grams.
  3. 3rd or subsequent crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 1 gram. 21 U.S.C. 853(a)(2) and 881(a)(7)

Forfeiture of personal and real property used to possess or facilitate possession of a controlled substance if that offense is punishable by more than 1 year imprisonment (see special sentencing provisions re: crack.) 21 U.S.C. 881(a)(4)

Forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft or any other conveyance used to transport or conceal a controlled substance. 21 U.S.C. 844a

Civil fine of up to $10,000 (pending adoption of final regulations.) 21 U.S.C. 853a

Denial of Federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses, up to 1 year for first offense, up to 5 years for second and subsequent offenses. 18 U.S.C. 922(g)

Ineligible to receive or purchase a firearm.

Revocation of certain Federal licenses and benefits, e.g. pilot licenses, public housing tenancy, etc., are vested within the authorities of individual Federal agencies.

Note: These are only Federal penalties and sanctions. Additional State penalties and sanctions may apply.